top of page



The American culture has been shaped by the politics of race. Recent events and court cases continue to revolve around this issue, which has divided the American culture since the settlement of these lands. This article argues that there are a few reasons for which the restorative justice movement could be particularly important in the context of race and prejudice-based crimes. Firstly, due to the racial disparities in incarceration rates, which could be remedied by moving from punitive justice to restorative one. The author is of the opinion that restorative justice could be a beneficial tool in reforming criminal justice system and reducing mass incarceration. Secondly, because of its potential to enhance social integration in cases of hate crimes, which are on the rise in today’s America. Whereas restorative justice alone cannot resolve social inequalities, its community-based approach can, over time, make a significant contribution to social justice in general. This paper further explores definitions and understandings of restorative practices in the context of race crimes, with particular focus on the USA as a place where racism and racial bias are deeply rooted.




Race, racism, restorative justice, USA, hate crimes

Restorative Justice Theory & Practice: Race & Racism in the US

  • To cite this article: Foksa-Biegaj, A. (2018). "Restorative Justice Theory and Practice: Race and Racism in the USA", Internet Journal of Restorative Justice, ISSN (online): 2056-2985.


    Also available on Kindle 


    Corresponding Author:

    Agata Julia Foksa-Biegaj, LLM;


bottom of page