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Purpose: This essay conducts a critical evaluation of the transformative nature of restorative justice for offenders when used within traditional criminal justice processes. The potentiality of transformation extending from restorative practices is then sought within the system of England and Wales. The purpose of this essay is to highlight the potential of a reparative justice philosophy by evidencing where the system of England and Wales is failing.

Approach/Originality: Findings are sought by review of academic literature and research evidence. The unique approach taken by this essay adds value to the field of restorative justice research. The author as